The Legal Implications of Hacking

Information and TechnologyThe Legal Implications of Hacking

There are multiple sorts of IT crimes, but most high-profile instances involve hacking. With information violations are becoming almost everyday occasions, hackers have influenced everything from the economy (including countless retail firms) to policy-making by engaging every part of our lives.

According to Insider personal information of 533 million Facebook users was revealed/sold online. To protect the personal information of social media users, there are state and federal regulations established. There is no need to state that hacking social media accounts are, obviously, an illegal action. Personal data is a significant concern for the citizens and directly for the governments as well. Prosecuting someone concerning hacking is possible. Nevertheless, hacking is not considered a crime on all levels. Varying degrees of hacking is exist and unfortunately, it is becoming more and more common in all classes of society. To be considered a crime, hacking should be done without the proper permission or authorization. 

Applying to legal remedies should be a priority all the time, not just when people face financial outcomes but also when they suffer through any effect of a criminal hack. Working together with a prosecutor will ensure proper sentences are applied to the hacker. Information and technology lawyers present the real-life legal outcomes of hacking into someone’s social media accounts. 

Hacking and the Effects

There are numerous hacking methods and evolving hack ways. 

Foreign Hackers

Foreign hackers are also one of the common hack types people may encounter. Foreign hacking is quite common because hackers believe that it would be more problematic for people to predict what to do as a hacking victim. Since attempting to proceed through civil litigation will be almost impossible hacking victims end up doing nothing in most cases of foreign hacks. In such circumstances, the federal agency works with foreign governments and foreign law enforcement according to related international regulations covering hacking. When the location of the suspect is determined, the victims must find a local attorney to represent them against the suspect and make a case by pinning the proof.

Federal Hacking Laws

Several federal regulations cover hacking:

  • The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA);
  • The Stored Communications Act (SCA);
  • The Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA); and
  • The Defend Trade Secrets Act (DTSA).

Criminal Penalties Under the CFAA

The chart below delivers examples of violations of the CFAA and the fines.

Penalties (Prison Sentence)

  • Acquiring National Security Data
    • 10 years; 20 years maximum for a second conviction.
  • Acquiring a Computer to Defraud and Obtain Value
    • 5 years; 10 years maximum for a second conviction.
  • Acquiring a Computer and Data
    • 1-5 years; 10 years maximum for a second conviction.
    • 1-10 years; 20 years maximum for a second conviction.
  • Purposefully Sabotaging by Knowing Transmission
    • 1-10 years; 20 years maximum for a second conviction.
  • Extortion Concerning Computers
    • 5 years; 10 years maximum for a second conviction.
  • Trafficking in Passwords
    • 1 year; 10 years maximum for a second conviction.

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